In essence, all forms of ART create an embryo by bypassing the factors causing the fertility issue in the first place. The created embryos are then placed into the uterus after they have developed.
With most cases, in vitro fertilization is used to treat mild sperm abnormalities in males and fallopian tube or ovulation abnormalities in women.
The process begins with the selection of a treatment plan, by the physician, that addresses the unique fertility issues of each couple. The treatment plan is then reviewed, one-on-one, with the IVF Nurse Coordinator insuring that all of the couples’ questions and concerns are addressed. Injection training and further education is also offered on an individual basis to allow for a more personalized experience.
Both the male and female partner will be required to come to the office several times for tests and procedures during the treatment cycle.
Many different medications are taken during a treatment cycle to assist or enhance the body’s normal reproductive process. We will establish a schedule to show you which drugs to take and when to take them. You will also learn how to administer these medications yourself.
When the woman’s follicles have reached an appropriate stage of development, the eggs will be retrieved using an ultrasound-guided aspiration needle. Once eggs are retrieved and the male partner collects his sperm, the laboratory personnel will perform either natural insemination or Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) to fertilize the eggs. ICSI is recommended when there is a significant concern over the sperm’s fertilization potential. For more information read Severe Male Factor: Alternative to Donor Sperm, an article on ICSI.
After a discussion with the physician, an appropriate number of fertilized eggs (embryos) will be transferred to the uterus to optimize the pregnancy of a single healthy child. A pregnancy test will be conducted about two weeks after egg retrieval to determine if an embryo has implanted and is developing.