About Fertility Medications
One of the most common, least invasive methods to treat fertility issues involves using fertility medications.
Understanding various types of fertility medications is an important component for all fertility patients, both women and men alike.
If fertility medications are unsuccessful at treating a fertility issue, our fertility experts will help determine what the next step should be.
Most Commonly Used Fertility Medications
The most common fertility medications are classified as ovulation induction drugs. Ovulation induction medications are approved for patients with various ovulation disorders with the goal of producing a single mature egg during a treatment cycle.
These drugs may also be used for what is known as “super”ovulation in patients with normal ovulation function. These medications stimulate the ovaries to produce more than the usual one follicle per month, thus increasing the number of eggs exposed to sperm and increasing the chance for pregnancy.
Another type of ovulation induction medication is classified as gonadotropins (Repronex®, Follistim®R, Gonal-F®). They can stimulate the ovaries to produce many dominant follicles each cycle. Gonadotropins are currently administered by injection. These fertility medications can be used in combination with sexual intercourse, intrauterine insemination (IUI), or in vitro fertilization (IVF) to enhance your chance for conception.
Risks of Fertility Medications
Use of fertility medication carries risks that can vary depending on the patient’s diagnosis as well as the response to specific medications. In general, the most common risks-often more associated with the gonadotropin class drugs are listed below.
Frequently Asked Questions
- Do you have any age cut-off for evaluation?
We will evaluate female patients from the age of 18 years old to 55 years old.
- Can I get pregnant if I no longer have menses (menopause)?
The answer can vary depending on the cause of the lack of menses. You will need egg donation if you are menopausal. You may need to be treated with fertility medications if the problem is hormonal.
- How long does this whole process take?
Time will vary depending on what is involved in your treatment. If your fertility treatment includes intra-uterine insemination (IUI), the process typically takes about two weeks. During these two weeks, your ovaries will be stimulated to produce follicles and ovulation will occur; thereafter an insemination is performed. For in vitro fertilization (IVF) the process takes a bit longer, lasting anywhere from 4-6 weeks prior to egg retrieval.
- How many embryos are transferred?
There are multiple factors that must be considered, and input from the patient is critical. At one time, we generally transfer anywhere from one to five embryos.
- Are urine pregnancy tests as reliable as blood tests?
No, because your hydration level can affect the urine test. The tests are predictable to about 25 mIU per mL of bHCG. Where as blood tests are predictable to approximately 2 mIU per mL. A very early pregnancy could be detected with blood levels but might be missed with a urine pregnancy test.
Why The IVF CenterSM Is Unique
At The IVF CenterSM we recognize the process of IVF can at times be overwhelming.
To address this issue, we have an IVF Nurse available 24/7 to answer questions, guide you through the process, and provide emotional support. We also offer a Reproductive Health Psychologist to help couples develop their best coping strategies along their journey.
Success of the IVF Program at The IVF CenterSM is due to our scientific and technological excellence coupled with our compassionate and highly personalized approach to patient care.
The IVF CenterSM is committed to each couple’s success by providing individualized and supportive care along the way. We consider each couple part of our family as we attempt to help them create their own.